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More Roots


Many of the words we use have roots in Greek and Latin. The following list of bases and prefixes are common and of Greek and Latin origin.

GROUPWORD ROOTSMEANING
BASES
1
ann,enn
arm
biblio.bibl
capit,cipit
cog
cont
corp
cosm
year
army
book
head
to know
to join,unite
body
world,order,universe
2cred
culp
dem
dent, odon
dic, dict
dur
ego
ethn
believe, trust
fault, blame
people
tooth
to say, to speak, assert
to harden, hold out
I
nation
3equ
fac, fic, fect, fact
fin
frig
fum
gen
geo
gno, kno
equal, fair
to make, to do
to end
cool
smoke, scent
race, family, kind
earth
to know
4graph, gram
grat
hom
hosp
host
hydro
jur, jus, jud
labor, lab
write, draw, describe, record
pleasure, thankful, goodwill, joy
man, human
guest, host
enemy, stranger
water
law, right
work
5laud
leg, lig
lith
loc
log
luc, lum
med, medi
medic
praise
law, to chose, perceive, understand
stone
place
idea, word, speech, reason, study
light
middle
physician, to heal
6memor
migr
mim
mort
mut
nym, onym, onom
opt
ortho
mindful
to move, travel
copy, imitate
death
change, exchange
name
eye
straight
7ped, pes
pend, pond, pens
phil
phon
photo
polis, polit
pos
pot
foot
to weigh, pay, consider
love
sound, voice
light
citizen, city, state
to place, put
powerful
8prim, prin
psych
pyr
reg, rig rect, reign
rupt
sci
scrib, script
sed, sid, sess
first
mind, soul, spirit
fire
government, rule, right, straight
break, burst
to know
to write
to sit, to settle
9sent, sens
simil, simul, sembl
somn
son
spec, spect, ****
tac, tic
techn
temp
to feel
together, likeness, pretense
sleep
sound
to look at, behold
silent
art, skill
time
10term
test
topo
vac
ver
vis, vid
viv, vit
voc, vok
boundary, limit
to witness, affirm
place
empty
truth
to see, to look
life
voice, call

PREFIXES
11
ambi
amphi
ant, anti
ante
auto
bi
contra, contro
de
around, both
both, of both sides, around
against
before
self
two
against
from, away, off
12deca, dec, deka
di, dis
dia
dys
ecto
endo, ento
fore
hemi
ten
two, twice
through, across
difficult, bad
outside of
within
before
half
13hetero
hier
homo
hyper
hypo, hyp
ideo, idea
inter
intro
various, unlike
sacred
same
above, beyond
under, less than
idea
between
within
14iso
macro
mal
micro
migr
mis
mono
neo
equal
long, large
bad, ill
small
to move, travel
less, wrong
one
new
15non,ne
o, ob, oc, of, op
omni
paleo
pan, panto
para
per
peri
not
against, toward
all
long ago, ancient
all, every
beside, beyond
through
around, about
16pre
pro
pronto
poly
post
pseudo
re
retro
before
before, forward, forth
first
many
after
false, counterfeit
again, anew, back
back, backward, behind
17syn, sym, syl
tele
trans
un
uni
together, with
far of
over, across
not one
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